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Category - Terminology

Understanding the terminology used in Minecraft is important to getting started. Here we have a list of the most common terms, phrases and creatures that you will encounter during your adventure.


Blaze – Blazes are a flying mob that spawn in the The Nether and shoot fireballs.

Cave Spider – The Cave Spider is a hostile mob with a blue skin and is smaller, more dangerous, and much rarer than the regular spider.

Creeper – Creepers are hostile mobs that emit a hissing sound followed by an explosion when in close proximity of a player. Creepers spawn anytime underground, and at night or in dark locations on the surface. They do not catch fire from direct sunlight.

Enderdragon – The Enderdragon is considered the boss mob for the game and appears in the End World. Once defeated, the end credits will begin to roll and the player respawns, leaving the End World.

Enderman – The Enderman is a rare mob shaded black with long arms and legs. Normally, Endermen are normally passive. They will turn hostile whenever a player looks at them directly.

Ghast – Ghast are large mobs that float in the air and shoot fireballs out of their mouths. They only spawn in The Nether, under any light level.

Iron Golem – Iron Golems are a mob that shows up in villages. They attack hostile mobs that attack the inhabitants. To show their friendliness, they may present a rose.

Magma Cube – Magma cubes are a mob only found in the Nether. Magma cubes are atypical of other mobs in that they don’t damage the player when in contact. They will only damage the player if they manage to jump on top of him/her.

Silverfish – The Silverfish pops out of stone bricks found in strongholds. If the player mines these blocks Silverfish may pop out and attack them.

Skeleton – Skeletons are hostile mobs that shoot arrows at players if spotted. They spawn at night on the surface as well as in unlit areas and caves. When exposed to sunlight, Skeletons will catch on fire.

Slime – Slimes are hostile mobs that spawn deep underground in the bottom 16 layers of the map, most often in large, cavernous spaces or open mines.

Spider – Spiders have glowing red eyes and spawn in dimly lit areas on the surface and in caves. When exposed to sunlight, they will no longer attack the player unless provoked.

Spider Jockey – Spider Jockeys are Spiders that spawn with a Skeleton riding on its back. They spawn in dimly lit areas on the surface and in caves.

Witch – Witches are a hostile mob similar-looking to villagers. They are able to use various potions, including potions of weakness, harming, healing, and fire resistance. They are also immune to damage from these potions.

Wither – A floating boss mob with three heads and skeletal frame. It is a boss mob, similar to the Ender Dragon.

Wither Skeleton – Wither skeletons are mobs that spawn in Nether fortresses. When wither skeletons hit a player, they inflict a poison-like effect. Unlike regular skeletons, they are not damaged by daylight, fire, or lava.

Wolf (Wild) – Wolves spawn in well lit, grassy areas. Wolves will attack nearby sheep, and only attack players if provoked. They award no loot when killed.

Zombie – Zombies are aggressive mobs that spawn in dimly lit areas on the surface and in caves. Similar to skeletons, Zombies are set on Fire when exposed to sunlight.

Zombie PigmanZombie Pigmen are neutral mobs that spawn in dimly lit areas in The Nether, or when a pig is struck by lightning on the surface.




Survival maps – Players land in a world with little resources and must use their skills to stay alive

Adventure maps – Story-based worlds where players follow a narrative and solve puzzles to reach specific goals

Parkour maps – Usually a race where players have to navigate obstacle courses with lots of jumping




Anvil – Anvils are used to rename and repair items. Unlike crafted repairs, anvils can keep enchantments, and add new ones

Axe – Used to chop wood, and to ease breaking down wooden objects such as wooden planks and wood stairs. Axes can be wood, stone, iron, gold or diamond.

Bucket – Used to carry water, milk or lava. Water can be gathered from a water block, that is not running water. Milk is obtained by using a bucket on a cow.

Chest – A placeable block used to store items. A single chest can hold 27 items, a double chest (placing two side by side) can hold 54 items.

Compass – The compass will point to your last spawn point. Straight up means straight ahead.

Fishing Rod – Fishing Rods allow you to catch raw fish, in addition to several other types of items. You can also use them to grab creatures and movable objects, and drag them towards you.

Flint and Steel – Used to set things on fire (blocks or creatures), or to dispose of items.

Furnace – Craftable oven used to cook, or process your resources.

Hoe – Used to till dirt blocks into farmland. There is a chance that seeds will drop when you till a grass block.

Ingot- Produced when ore is smelted (ie: iron, gold, etc).

Map – A map creates a graphical representation of a particular area/region. To begin drawing (recording) on your map, simply select it, then begin moving around the terrain. It is held nice and low, so it won’t obscure your view unless you look down.

Pickaxe – Pickaxes are used to mine all ore and all blocks. Diamond Pickaxes are the strongest pickaxes available.

Shovel – Used to dig in dirt, sand, gravel, clay and snow. Snowballs can be obtained by using a shovel on a snow block.

Shears – Shears can be used to obtain wool from sheep, leaves from trees and for quickly destroying wool blocks.


Food and Farming


Apple– can be found everywhere around The Overworld; destroyed oak or dark oak leaves, villages, strongholds, bonus chests. Can be made into a golden apple.

Beetroot– came from your beetroot crops. You can make beetroot soup by crafting a bowl and adding beetroots.

Beef– can be harvested from cows, and cooked in the furnace.

Bonemeal– Crushed up bones of Skeletons used to make plants grow faster, each addition of bonemeal speeds the plants up.

Bread– Made from wheat, farmers sometimes drop bread after harvesting wheat.

Cake– crafted from wheat, eggs, sugar and milk.

Carrot– can be dropped by zombies, or harvested. Can be made into golden carrots.

Cocoa Beans- can be used to make brown dye, or used for making cookies. They are found a jungle wood trees.

Cookie– made from wheat and cocoa beans.

Egg- can be obtained from chickens, used for baking.

Melon- farmable fruit, must be spaced or they will not grow.

Mushrooms- can be used to craft mushroom stew, you will need one of each mushroom and a wooden bowl.

Mutton- can be harvested from mutton, and cooked in the furnace.

Pork- can be harvested from pigs, and cooked in the furnace.

Potato- Can be grown in your garden, and found in chests. You can make baked potatoes by putting them in your furnace.

pumpkin can be planted but, they will need to be spaced. Can be used to make a jack-o-lantern or for baking.

Pumpkin Pie– can be made with a pumpkin, egg, and sugar.

Sugar- can be made from sugar cane, used for baking.

Spider Eye– can be obtained from killing spiders and cave spider, or killing a witch.


The Nether


Blaze Rods– can be collected from Blazes, you’ll need them for beating the game, and you can use them to brew potions. Collect all you can!

Nether Portal– made from Obsidian, these are what you need to make for access into The Nether.

Ghast Tear– needed for potion brewing, dropped by Ghasts.

Glowstone– The Nether is dark, and these are the only blocks that light your path. You can mine them with a pickaxe, resulting in Glowstone Dust

Glowstone Dust- Can be used for brewing potions.

Lava– Not specific to The Nether, just in abundance there.

Nether Fortress– They’re kind of like the underground mines you can find but the Nether Fortress has two thing you’ll need: Blaze Spawners and Nether Wart here.

Netherrack– The main blocks in The Nether that are easily mineable with a pickaxe. It’s also flammable, so you won’t have to worry about fires.

Nether Wart– Essential ingredient for brewing potions.

Quartz Ore– Hidden in The Nether, you can find these blocks and use them to build or certain redstone devices.

Soul Sand– Dirt block that you can find in the Nether; it helps to make mobs move slower.

Zombie Pigmen– Hostile mob that spawns in the Nether.