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They start out as ore blocks and once you mine the blocks, you get ore. Ore can be smelted down to ingots using a furnace (you build a furnace by mining out cobblestone with a wooden axe, it takes eight cobblestone to make one– so the center should be the only area unfilled). You’ll also need some sort of lighting source (wooden block, wooden twig, coal, you can even sac your wooden weapon), then you just add the ore and your lighting source to the furnace and wait for the burnage.
While you’re waiting why not garden, or even build something? It doesn’t take too terribly long to smelt but, I always add as much as I can, then go do something else that’s needed.
Tip: Do not dig straight down, you WILL regret it.
To me, the most important ore of them all is Iron. Iron is needed for everything, and can make excellent base armor. Diamond is the second most important, it makes even better armor and you will need a diamond pickaxe to obtain obsidian.
I say base, because you can enchant your armor and weapons to enhance them– making them immensely better.
|Ore Types||Common Layers Found||Pickaxe Type||World Location|
|Lapis Lazuli||Layer 23||Stone||Overworld|
|Nether Quartz||Layer 120||Wood||The Nether|
|Obsidian||Bottom of world||Diamond||Overworld|
There are a few things that I should explain, you need to work up to Obsidian and once you do you will need a few things to either get to the Obsidian, or to make your own. Obsidian is formed by lava and water: you will need to get a bucket of water and find lava that isn’t moving, then you will need to hit that non-moving block with flowing water. This is the simplest way to make it, you will need Obsidian to get to The Nether.
You can also make your own lava pit, making sure that the lava isn’t moving and add moving water to that lava pit. This is also a simple way.
When the Obsidian is made, you need a diamond pickaxe. It’s the only thing that works with Obsidian, any other type and you will be wasting resources and time. Even when you use a diamond pickaxe, it does take some time. You can enchant said pickaxe to make it more efficient and faster mining.